Research Library

CTeL’s Research Library features fact sheets, briefing memos, reports and white papers drafted by CTeL staff and experts in the telehealth community.  CTeL’s publications are more than opinion pieces.  They are carefully researched pieces of scholarly and professional literature that explore timely and emerging legal and regulatory issues.

CTeL has conducted extensive research in all 50 states on:

  • Pharmacy Laws Pertaining to Telemedicine and e-Prescribing
  • Prescribing Laws for Medical Devices and Diagnostic Testing
  • Internet and Telemedicine Prescribing: Survey of Individual State Policies and Regulations
  • Physician Licensure Consultation Requirements
  • Stark and Anti-Kickback Policies and Regulations
  • Privacy and Security:  Medical Record Access Laws
  • Foreign Medical Graduate Licensure Report

Contact CTeL if you have question about a particular state and how these statutes, regulations, and policies might be applied.

In addition, CTeL has conducted international research:  International Electronic Consultation and Telemedicine Prescribing in Developing and Developed Countries

CTeL Proposed Language to Establish a Physician-Patient Relationship through an Electronic Examination

The CTeL board proposed this language to all state medical boards seeking to clarify the appropriate method of establishing an “in person” examination to establish the physican-patient relationship for purposes of diagnosing and treating a patient through telemedicine.

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CTeL 50 State Survey on Medicaid Telehealth and Telehomecare Policies (Part I Alabama to Kansas)

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CTeL 50 State Survey on Medicaid Telehealth and Telehomecare Policies (Part II Kentucky to North Dakota)

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CTeL 50 State Survey on Medicaid Telehealth and Telehomecare Policies (Part III Oklahoma to Wyoming)

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2013 CTeL Medicare Reimbursement Checklist for Telehealth Professional Fees

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2013 CTeL Medicare Reimbursement Checklist for Telehealth Originating Site Facility Fees

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Telehealth Credentialing and Privileging Final Rule from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

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Credentialing and Privileging Proposed Rule from Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

This article details the changes that would occur in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services’ (CMS) Conditions of Participation as they apply to the credentialing and privileging of telehealth providers as a result of the proposed rule from CMS.  This includes the history of the credentialing and privileging process.

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Telemedicine: Prescribing and the Internet

This article provides an overview of state laws as they relate to prescribing within the field of telemedicine.  This report analyzes the various requirements necessitated by state medical boards before a physician is permitted to prescribe medication to a patient.  The conclusions established within this paper have been verified by each state medical board.

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CTeL Information on CMS Final Rule on Credentialing and Privileging Telehealth Practitioners

CTeL Credentialing and Privileging Information Center

Prescribing in the Age of the Internet

This article focuses on telemedicine as it relates to prescribing. It distinguishes between telemedical prescribing, e-prescribing, and other forms of Internet prescribing that have often led to legal sanctions and fines.  It examines recent and significant legal cases involving Internet prescribing, as well as newly-implemented federal legislation.  It will concludes with prescribing guidelines for physicians and considerations of the future of 21st century prescribing.

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Summary of Findings: Malpractice and Telemedicine

This article outlines issues of malpractice as it relates to telemedicine.  This includes an analysis of jurisdictional and duty of care issues.  Finally, this article lists cases involving medical malpractice in which telemedicine is involved.

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The Impact of the Nurse Licensure Compact on Telehealth Providers

This article is an analysis of how the Nurse Licensure Compact has impacted the practice of telehealth in the states that are party to the compact.  This compact allows nurses licensed in one state belonging to the compact to practice both physically and electronically in any other state belonging to the compact.

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50 State Survey and Analysis on Licensure Laws for Nurse Practitioners

This article is a state-by-state analysis of the relevant state laws governing licensure requirements for nurse practitioners.  The publication includes a detailed state profile for each state, including a list of states that have adopted the Nurse Licensure Compact.

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Telehealth in Emergency Situations

This publication explores the ways in which telemedicine can assist in responding to public emergencies and disasters.  The paper begins with an overview of how to obtain licensure for telehealth practice in the United States and then explores the delivery of medical care during Hurricanes Katrina and Ike.  This paper then assesses how telemedicine could have mitigated some of the health crises during these disasters.  This paper concludes with policy recommendations for implementing telemedicine in future disaster relief planning.

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